Christina Agapakis is the Creative Director at Ginkgo Bioworks, an organism design company that is bringing biology to industrial engineering. She is a biologist, writer, and artist interested in microbes, fermentation, and the future of biotechnology. At Ginkgo Bioworks, Agapakis works with teams developing cultured ingredients for fashion, fragrance, and food, from fermented sweeteners to the scent of extinct flowers. Agapakis holds a PhD from Harvard University, where she worked on producing hydrogen fuel in bacteria, creating customizable plants, and making photosynthetic animals. She has taught designers at the Art Center College of Design and biomolecular engineers at UCLA and she once made cheese using bacteria from the human body.